Getting Started With Clair

Releases

All of the source code needed to build clair is packaged as an archive and attached to the release. Releases are tracked at the github releases.

The release artifacts also include the clairctl command line tool.

Official Containers

Clair is officially packaged and released as a container at quay.io/projectquay/clair. The latest tag tracks the git development branch, and version tags are built from the corresponding release.

Running Clair

The easiest way to get Clair up and running for test purposes is to use our local dev environment

If you're the hands on type who wants to get into the details however, continue reading.

Modes

Clair can run in several modes. Indexer, matcher, notifier or combo mode. In combo mode, everything runs in a single OS process.

If you are just starting with Clair you will most likely want to start with combo mode and venture out to a distributed deployment once acquainted.

This how-to will demonstrate combo mode and introduce some further reading on a distributed deployment.

Postgres

Clair uses PostgreSQL for its data persistence. Migrations are supported so you should only need to point Clair to a fresh database and have it do the setup for you.

We will assume you have setup a postgres database and it's reachable with the following connection string: host=clair-db port=5432 user=clair dbname=clair sslmode=disable. Adjust for your environment accordingly.

Starting Clair In Combo Mode

At this point, you should either have built Clair from source or have pulled the container. In either case, we will assume that the clair-db hostname will resolve to your postgres database.

You may need to configure docker or podman networking if you are utilizing containers. This is out of scope for this how-to.

A basic config for combo mode can be found here. Make sure to edit this config with your database settings and set "migrations" to true for all mode stanzas. In this basic combo mode, all "connstring" fields should point to the same database and any *_addr fields are simply ignored. For more details see the config reference and deployment models

Clair has 3 requirements to start:

  • The mode flag or CLAIR_MODE environment variable specifying what mode this instance will run in.
  • The conf flag or CLAIR_CONF environment variable specifying where Clair can find its configuration.
  • A yaml document providing Clair's configuration.

If you are running a container, you can mount a Clair config and set the CLAIR_CONF environment variable to the corresponding path.

CLAIR_MODE=combo
CLAIR_CONF=/path/to/mounted/config.yaml

If you are running a Clair binary directly, its likely easiest to use the command line.

clair -conf "path/to/config.yaml" -mode "combo"

Submitting A Manifest

The simplest way to submit a manifest to your running Clair is utilizing clairctl. This is a CLI tool capable of grabbing image manifests from public repositories and and submitting them for analysis. The command will be in the Clair container, but can also be installed locally by running the following command:

GO111MODULE=on go get github.com/quay/clair/v4/cmd/clairctl@latest

Ensure you run the above command outside of any Go directory with a go.mod file.

You can submit a manifest to ClairV4 via the following command.

$ clairctl --host ${net_address_of_clair} report ${image_tag}

By default, clairctl will look for Clair at localhost:6060.

If everything is configured correctly, you should see some output like the following informing you of vulnerabilities affecting the supplied image.

$ clairctl report ubuntu:focal
ubuntu:focal found bash        5.0-6ubuntu1.1         CVE-2019-18276
ubuntu:focal found libpcre3    2:8.39-12build1        CVE-2017-11164
ubuntu:focal found libpcre3    2:8.39-12build1        CVE-2019-20838
ubuntu:focal found libpcre3    2:8.39-12build1        CVE-2020-14155
ubuntu:focal found libsystemd0 245.4-4ubuntu3.2       CVE-2018-20839
ubuntu:focal found libsystemd0 245.4-4ubuntu3.2       CVE-2020-13776
ubuntu:focal found libtasn1-6  4.16.0-2               CVE-2018-1000654
ubuntu:focal found libudev1    245.4-4ubuntu3.2       CVE-2018-20839
ubuntu:focal found libudev1    245.4-4ubuntu3.2       CVE-2020-13776
ubuntu:focal found login       1:4.8.1-1ubuntu5.20.04 CVE-2013-4235
ubuntu:focal found login       1:4.8.1-1ubuntu5.20.04 CVE-2018-7169
ubuntu:focal found coreutils   8.30-3ubuntu2          CVE-2016-2781
ubuntu:focal found passwd      1:4.8.1-1ubuntu5.20.04 CVE-2013-4235
ubuntu:focal found passwd      1:4.8.1-1ubuntu5.20.04 CVE-2018-7169
ubuntu:focal found perl-base   5.30.0-9build1         CVE-2020-10543
ubuntu:focal found perl-base   5.30.0-9build1         CVE-2020-10878
ubuntu:focal found perl-base   5.30.0-9build1         CVE-2020-12723
ubuntu:focal found tar         1.30+dfsg-7            CVE-2019-9923
ubuntu:focal found dpkg        1.19.7ubuntu3          CVE-2017-8283
ubuntu:focal found gpgv        2.2.19-3ubuntu2        CVE-2019-13050
ubuntu:focal found libc-bin    2.31-0ubuntu9          CVE-2016-10228
ubuntu:focal found libc-bin    2.31-0ubuntu9          CVE-2020-6096
ubuntu:focal found libc6       2.31-0ubuntu9          CVE-2016-10228
ubuntu:focal found libc6       2.31-0ubuntu9          CVE-2020-6096
ubuntu:focal found libgcrypt20 1.8.5-5ubuntu1         CVE-2019-12904

What's Next

Now that you see the basic usage of Clair, you can checkout our deployment models to learn different ways of deploying.

You may also be curious about how clairctl did that work. Check out our API definition to understand how an application interacts with Clair.